The battle for gaming supremacy between Intel and AMD has by no means been as intense as it’s now, however AMD has a brand new ace within the gap. AMD’s $449 Ryzen 7 5800X3D (opens in new tab) makes use of new cutting-edge 3D-stacked SRAM know-how, known as 3D V-Cache, to allow a complete of 96MB of L3 cache that unlocks large gaming efficiency, unseating Intel’s costly $738 Core i9-12900KS because the quickest of the Best CPUs for gaming — however at a extra forgiving worth level. AMD pulled this feat off with an eight-core 16-thread chip based mostly on the identical 7nm course of and Zen 3 structure as the unique Ryzen 5000 chips that debuted again in 2020, however makes use of an modern hybrid bonding know-how to fuse an additional slice of cache atop the processing cores, a primary for desktop PCs.
The Ryzen 7 5800X3D represents the corporate’s final hurrah for its long-lived Socket AM4 platforms which have shepherded the Ryzen chips from their infancy with the Ryzen 7 1800X in 2017 to their once-dominating place on the prime of our CPU benchmark gaming hierarchy final 12 months with the Ryzen 9 5900X.
AMD’s chips held the lead in each metric till Intel launched its Alder Lake lineup final 12 months, with Intel’s Core i9-12900K touchdown because the quickest gaming CPU we would ever examined. Nevertheless, with AMD poised to launch the 5800X3D, Intel tried to cement itself atop the gaming efficiency charts with its new Special Edition Core i9-12900KS. That got here to market one week earlier than the 5800X3D with enhance speeds reaching as much as a blistering 5.5 GHz, a report excessive for PCs, and for just a little over every week, it was the quickest desktop PC chip in all classes.
|Value||Cores | Threads||Base/Enhance (GHz)||Whole L3 Cache||TDP|
|Ryzen 7 5800X3D||$449||8 | 16||3.4 / 4.5 GHz||96MB||105W|
|Core i9-12900KS||$739||16 Cores / 24 threads||3.4 / 5.5 (P-cores) — 2.5 / 4.0 (E-cores)||30MB||150W / 241W|
|Core i9-12900K / KF||$589 (Ok) – $564 (KF)||16 Cores / 24 threads||3.2 / 5.2 (P-cores) — 2.4 / 3.9 (E-cores)||30MB||125W / 241W|
Intel’s short-lived benefit in gaming got here at the price of further energy, although: The Core i9-12900KS has a 150W processor base energy (PBP), a report for a mainstream desktop processor, and we measured as much as 300W of energy consumption underneath full load. In distinction, the Ryzen 7 5800X3D has a 105W TDP ranking and maxed out at 130W in our assessments, displaying that it’s a far cooler processor that will not require as costly lodging, like a beefy cooler, motherboard, and energy provide, because the Core i9-12900KS.
The Ryzen 7 5800X3D’s 96MB of L3 cache is clear to the working system, that means it would not want particular lodging from the OS or software program, nevertheless it would not profit all video games. Nevertheless, we did see an enormous uplift in almost each title we examined.
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Here is a fast snapshot of the 5800X3D’s common efficiency in our gaming check suite and key single- and multi-threaded purposes. You will discover rather more intensive testing on the next pages, however this offers you a great basic sense of how the Ryzen 7 5800X3D stacks up.
As you’ll be able to see, the Ryzen 7 5800X3D takes the crown because the quickest gaming chip in our check suite and lives as much as AMD’s declare that 3D V-Cache delivers a rise in gaming efficiency equal to what we might usually solely see from a brand new microarchitecture. Nevertheless, the 58000X3D is not as quick as comparable chips in different sorts of single- and multi-threaded work past gaming. That is as a result of the opposite fashions have a core rely and frequency benefit. In reality, on account of decrease clock speeds than its most directly-comparable counterpart, the Ryzen 7 5800X, the 5800X3D is slower in some single-threaded purposes.
Nevertheless, whereas Intel’s 12900KS nonetheless delivers main efficiency in purposes, its hefty $739 premium is not nearly as good of a purchase as AMD’s $449 Ryzen 7 5800X3D in the event you’re solely interested by gaming. The identical applies to the usual 12900K and 12700K, too, although the Core i7-12700K is a contender in the event you’re on the lookout for a extra balanced mix of gaming and utility efficiency across the $410 worth level.
After all, the Ryzen 7 5800X3D is a large win in the event you already personal a Ryzen system — this chip will drop into nearly any AM4 motherboard, saving some money in case you have the proper supporting elements. General, the Ryzen 7 5800X3D is strictly what AMD says it’s — a chip optimized particularly for gaming that takes the general lead.
First, let’s take a fast take a look at the specs, then get proper to our full gaming and utility check outcomes. Make sure you search for the deep-dive particulars and testing on the 3D V-Cache, enhance frequencies, and thermals later within the article (the latter is especially attention-grabbing).
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D Specs and Pricing
The Ryzen 7 5800X3D is the primary shopper processor to characteristic 3D V-Cache, however the firm additionally makes use of the tech for its Milan-X processors for the info middle. 3D V-Cache leverages a novel new approach that makes use of hybrid bonding to fuse an extra 64MB of 7nm SRAM cache vertically atop the Ryzen compute chiplet, thus tripling the quantity of L3 cache per Ryzen die.
|Road / MSRP||Cores | Threads||P-Core Base/Enhance||E-Core Base/Enhance||L3 Cache||TDP / PBP / MTP||DDR4-3200|
|Core i9-12900KS||$739||8P + 8E | 16 Cores / 24 threads||3.4 / 5.5 GHz||2.5 / 4.0 GHz||30 MB||150W / 241W||DDR4-3200 / DDR5-4800|
|Core i9-12900K / KF||$589 (Ok) – $564 (KF)||8P + 8E | 16 Cores / 24 threads||3.2 / 5.2 GHz||2.4 / 3.9 GHz||30MB||125W / 241W||DDR4-3200 / DDR5-4800|
|Ryzen 9 5900X||$450 ($549)||12P | 24 threads||3.7 / 4.8 GHz||–||32MB||105W||DDR4-3200|
|Ryzen 7 5800X3D||$449||8P | 16 threads||3.4 / 4.5 GHz||–||96MB||105W||DDR4-3200|
|Ryzen 7 5800X||$350 ($449)||8P | 16 threads||3.8 / 4.7 GHz||–||32MB||105W||DDR4-3200|
|Core i7-12700K / KF||$409 (Ok) – $384 (KF)||8P + 4E | 12 Cores / 20 threads||3.6 / 5.0 GHz||2.7 / 3.8 GHz||25MB||125W / 190W||DDR4-3200 / DDR5-4800|
|Ryzen 7 5700X||$299||8P | 16 threads||3.4 / 4.6||–||32MB||65W||DDR4-3200|
The Ryzen 7 5800X3D comes with the identical eight Zen 3 cores and 16 threads as the usual Ryzen 7 5800X however has a decrease 3.4 GHz base and 4.5 GHz enhance frequency inside its 105W envelope. AMD trimmed 400 MHz from the bottom clock and 200 MHz off the enhance frequency, however you get an extra 64MB of L3 cache in trade, for a complete of 96MB of L3.
Naturally, the 3D V-Cache tech has tradeoffs, with the obvious being the $449 price ticket — you’ll pay an additional $100 for a similar variety of cores as you’d get within the vanilla Ryzen 7 5800X.
The 5800X3D’s huge attraction is AMD’s declare of a mean 15% acquire in gaming efficiency over AMD’s quickest gaming chip, the Ryzen 9 5900X which additionally at the moment retails for $450. The 3D V-Cache doesn’t improve efficiency in different sorts of work past gaming, so in comparison with the 5900X, you’ll sacrifice 4 cores and eight threads in trade for the additional cache, thus shedding efficiency in some productiveness purposes. Meaning the Ryzen 9 5900X can be the higher possibility for productivity-focused work, however you must also look to Alder Lake alternate options in the event you’re after a extra balanced efficiency profile.
The 5800X3D totally helps overclocking the reminiscence and Infinity Cloth, however you’ll be able to’t overclock the CPU cores or use the auto-overclocking Precision Boost Overdrive characteristic (extra element beneath). The corporate cites a voltage limitation, however our thermal testing beneath actually implies that warmth dissipation is an exacerbating subject. AMD says that is the primary iteration of the tech, and it’s attainable that overclocking could possibly be enabled on potential future 3D V-Cache processors. Nevertheless, the corporate hasn’t formally dedicated to releasing different fashions sooner or later. Given the efficiency we have seen, it would not be stunning to see this tech carry over into the Zen 4 period.
That will not cease enterprising fans from attempting, although. We have already seen reviews of restricted BCLK overclocking that may eke out just a few hundred further megahertz (maybe extra on motherboards with exterior clock mills), and there seems to be a workaround to change the motherboard’s voltage output to the CPU, thus feeding the chip extra voltage than AMD meant. After all, the latter might incur vital threat, however we’ll be taught extra within the coming weeks as fans put the silicon by the wringer.
As with all different 105W Ryzen 5000 chips, the Ryzen 7 5800X3D would not include a cooler. The chip has the identical thickness (Z-height) as all different Ryzen 5000 fashions, so it’s suitable with the broad ecosystem of normal coolers for the AM4 socket. The 5800X3D will drop into current 400- and 500-series motherboards (Socket AM4), and AMD’s upcoming BIOS updates may also allow help on older 300-series platforms. You will want a BIOS with AGESA 188.8.131.52b (or newer) for the Ryzen 7 5800X3D.
AMD says that Ryzen 5000 help will range by vendor, as will the timeline for brand spanking new BIOS revisions. Nevertheless, they need to all be obtainable now. Notably, these BIOS revisions may also embrace the repair for AMD’s fTPM stuttering issues.
The 5800X3D additionally would not help the modern connectivity choices, like DDR5 and PCIe 5.0, that you will discover with Alder Lake, nevertheless it does help as much as DDR4-3200 and PCIe 4.0. AMD will not be capable to match intel’s connectivity tech till its 5nm Ryzen 7000 ‘Raphael’ Zen 4 CPUs arrive later this 12 months.
Let’s take a more in-depth take a look at the general structure, energy, and thermals, together with thermal throttling testing, then transfer on to our gaming and utility benchmarks.